When a bone experiences an impact that results in a crack or break in the length of the bone, it is called fracture. Fractures can either be a complete fracture or incomplete fracture. Fractures are grouped into open and closed fractures.
An open fracture is as a result of heavy or profound wound which leaves the bone seeable from within the skin. This type of fracture is also called compound fracture. This mostly occurs as a result of high impact from external environment to the bone; examples are automobile crash, high impact fall, etc.
A closed fracture leaves the skin uninjured, but the bone is effectively or fairly damaged. This might happen as a result of a mini contact with the bone. This is also known as simple fracture.
Medical conditions like cancer, osteoporosis and osteogenesis imperfecta may also present as a causative agent for bone fractures as they de-energize the bones.
There are some fractures and how they are presented:
- A type of fracture where a part of the bone is damaged which then makes the other end of the bone to be bent is called Greenstick fracture. The earlier named type of fracture is peculiar to children.
- When the damage was done to the bone is in a direct line and has no deviation it is referred to as transverse fracture.
- When the type of fracture is as a result of bone twisting, it is called spiral fracture.
- In a case where the bone has been crushed which then results in a flat appearance of the bone then it is called compression fracture.
Symptoms of Fracture
There are some certain symptoms that may be presented as a result of fracture, however; symptoms may vary according to individuals. The affected individual may suffer from pain, bloating, disfigurement in the damaged part or having challenges moving the affected part. It is advised to, however, seek medical consultations as symptoms may mimic plenty other medical problems.
Diagnosis of Fracture
The patient’s medical past time will be of great importance in this process also the cause of the injury coupled with physical examination will be carried out. Furthermore, there are other procedures for diagnosing fracture:
- The use of MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging) scan: this uses ultra-high imaging technique with the use of computers to create high definition and detailed picture of the internal body.
- The use of X-ray: this procedure employs electromagnetic radiation to create pictures of the internal body into the film.
- The use of CT (Computed Tomography) scan: this employs the aggregation of computer tech and X-ray to create axile or flat images (which is referred to as slices) of the body. This type of scan gives elaborate images of the bone or any body part.
Treatment of Fractures
Treatments are often best chosen by your medical examiner as he or she will determine treatment based on age, health history, the kind of fracture, its location, severity and the way the patient react to some medications and therapy.
Fracture management may include:
- Medicinal application to control the pain
- Cast or splint technique is employed to get the bones back into alignment.
- The use of traction to coerce or stretch a particular part of the body including the tendons and muscles surrounding the damaged bone to create alignment of the damaged bone and also aid healing process.
- Surgery is also a process carried out to fix some kinds of fracture by using this technique to put the damaged bones into its appropriate location. The use of rods, metals, and pins are sometimes employed both internally and externally to keep the damaged fragments of the bones in its appropriate