Common Throat Disorders

Common Throat Disorders

Your throat serves as a medium for transporting food to your esophagus, and air into your larynx and windpipe. This makes the throat a vital part of the human body. Technically, the name given to the throat is called pharynx.

Throat problems are common and you have probably suffered from a sore throat at some point in your life. Typically, viral infections are the cause of disease. However, causes of throat disorders may include infection with strep bacteria, allergies, and leaking of the stomach acids that get back into the esophagus termed GERD.

Most throat disorders are minor, and often they disappear on their own, while in some cases, they may require treatments. Well, if procedures will be applied, it will primarily depend on the particular disorder that a person is experiencing.

Acid Reflux and GERD

Acid reflux is known as the reverse flow of stomach acid back into the esophagus. This tube connects both the throat and the stomach, also known as gastroesophageal reflux. Acid reflux progresses to GERD which is a more severe form of Acid reflux.

Allergies

This occurs when the immune system reacts to any allergy triggers such as pet dander, grass, and pollen.

Cough and Throat Clearing

Conditions that occur in a cough and throat clearing are allergic rhinitis, chronic sinusitis, gastroesophageal reflux and other esophageal lesions.

Lymph Nodes

Lymph nodes, also called lymph glands are a part of the lymphatic system which is a component of the body’s immune system. The groups of lymph nodes include small, soft nodules of tissue or bean-shaped.

Phlegm

Phlegm is that sticky, thick stuff that hangs around the back of one’s throat when one is sick. The mucous membrane enables phlegm to protect and support ones respiratory system.

Laryngopharyngeal Reflux

This is a condition that occurs in a person who is suffering from GERD ( Gastroesophageal reflux disease). This happens when acid travels up the esophagus and when the acid gets to the throat it results in Laryngopharyngeal Reflux.

Post-Nasal Drip

When The nasal mucosa is producing excess mucus, then post nasal drip occurs. This excess mucus occurs in the throat or at the back of the nose.

Sore Throat

Sore throat is the scratching, pain, and irritation that worsen when one swallows or talk. The common causes of a sore throat is a viral infection.

Tonsillitis and Tonsil Stones

Tonsillitis and tonsil stones formed when trapped debris calcifies or hardens. This happens in people who have intense inflammation in their tonsils or continuous bout of tonsillitis.

Throat Cancer

This includes cancerous tumors that occur in one’s throat, tonsils or voice box. It affects epiglottis which acts as a lid to your windpipe.

Vocal Cord Dysfunction

VCD occurs when the vocal cords or the voice box fails to open correctly. Because of the similarities of symptoms, it is mostly confused with Asthma.

Diagnosis

Doctors are expected to carry out many tests to confirm your cases. The diagnosis originates with the series of questions your doctor will first ask you.

Your doctor will first seek for your symptoms; after that, a light will be used to check the back of your throat to investigate white spots, swelling, and redness. Additionally, your doctor may have to feel the sides of your neck for traces of swollen glands. Further diagnostic includes:

  • Strep Throat Test
  • Throat Culture
  • X-ray Examinations: For neck.

Symptoms

Regardless of the type of disorder, symptoms may include any of the following. They include feeling:

  • Irritated
  • Raw
  • Scratchy
  • Dry
  • Tender

Furthermore, pain might be accompanied when one swallows or talk. There might also be white patches forming on the tonsils. There can also be:

  • Cough
  • Fever
  • Chills
  • Sneezing
  • Running nose
  • Nasal congestion body aches
  • Hoarse voice
  • Swollen glands in the neck
  • Appetite loss

Treatments

In treating common throat disorders, there are two basic approaches. They include:

Medicines and home remedies.

  • Medicines: 
  1. Over-the-counter medications: Acetaminophen, aspirin, and ibuprofen.
  2. Sore Throat Remedies: Marshmallow roots, slippery elm, and licorice root.
  • Antacids: Such as Rolaids, tum, e.t.c.
  1. Proton Pump Inhibitors: omeprazole and lansoprazole
  • Home Remedies:
  1. Gargle mixture of warm water and a teaspoonful of salt.
  2. Rest.
  3. Herbal teas.