Common Nose Disorders

Common Nose Disorders

It is well said that your nose is very crucial to your health. It filters the air you breathe, removing dust, germs, and irritants. It warms and moistens the air to keep your lungs and tubes that lead to them from drying out. The common cold can disrupt your natural flow of air in and out your nostril. The nose is a sensitive facial feature that can detect quickly unpleasant smells. Sometimes, some medical conditions can lead to narrowing of the nasal airway and infections. In some cases, pollen, ragweed, and grass can enter the nose and trigger certain nasal conditions.

Some of the problems associated with common nose disorder aside from common cold include:

  • Deviated septum: Movements of the wall which leads to division of the nasal cavity into halves. In some cases, a deviated septum occurs during fetal development and is apparent at birth.
  • Nasal polyps: this is the development of soft growths on the lining of the nose or sinuses. They result from severe inflammation due to asthma, recurring infection, allergies, drug sensitivity or certain immune disorders.
  • Bleeding in the nose: it is often caused due to the location of the nose on the face, and the vast amount of blood vessels in the nose. The most common causes of nosebleeds are drying of the nasal membranes and nose One way to prevent nose bleeding is by properly lubricating the nasal passages and not picking the nose.
  • Rhinitis: it is the inflammation of the nose and sinuses sometimes caused by The inflammation is caused by viruses, bacteria, irritants or allergens. One of the signs that indicate rhinitis a runny nose.
  • Nasal fractures, also known as a broken nose. Symptoms may include, bleeding, swelling, bruising, and an inability to breathe through the nose.

Diagnosis

Your doctor might opt for one of these diagnosis options after series of questions about your symptoms must have been asked:

Nasal endoscopy: this is actualized with the use of a  narrow tube with a lighted magnifying lens which is to be guided through your nasal cavity.

Imaging studies: this option is to determine the size and location of polyps in the sinuses area and also to examine the extent of inflammation using a computerized tomography.

Treatment

The whole essence of treating nasal polyps is to reduce their size or eliminate them. On the first approach, medications are usually prescribed and afterwards, is a suggestion for surgery, but might not be necessary in all cases.

Medications

Nasal polyp treatment usually starts with drugs, which can make even large polyps shrink or disappear. Drug treatments may include:

Nasal corticosteroids: It is a spray used to shrink or eliminate polyps. Nasal corticosteroids include fluticasone (Flonase, Veramyst), budesonide (Rhinocort), flunisolide, mometasone (Nasonex), etc.

Other medications may include:

  • Antihistamines to treat allergies and antibiotics to treat a chronic or recurring infection.
  • Aspirin desensitization for patients with nasal polyps and aspirin sensitivity.

Surgery

In cases where drug treatment doesn’t kill nasal polyps, your doctor may prescribe an endoscopic surgery. This option is carried out simply by inserting a small tube with a magnifying lens or tiny camera (endoscope) into your nostrils and guides it into your sinus cavities.